Longitudinal trajectory of quality of life for patients with melanoma brain metastases: A secondary analysis from a whole brain radiotherapy randomized clinical trial.

Bartula I, Anh D. Tran, Anna K. Nowak, Tasnia Ahmed, Rachael L. Morton, Bryan H. Burmeister, Kari Dolven-Jacobsen, Jenny Nobes, John F. Thompson, Gerald B. Fogarty, Serigne N Lo, Angela M. Hong. Clinical and Translational Radiation Oncology,
2. 2023, 100597, ISSN 2405-6308, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctro.2023.100597


Purpose: Brain metastases are common in patients with advanced melanoma. This study describes 12-month quality of life (QoL) trajectories following local management of 1–3 melanoma brain metastases.

Methods: This study assessed QoL data collected during a multi-center, prospective, open-label, phase III randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of adjuvant whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) with observation after local treatment of 1–3 melanoma brain metastases. Patients completed the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Core (QLQ-C30) and Brain Tumour (BN-20) questionnaires at baseline and every 2 months, for 12 months.

Using growth mixture modelling, QoL trajectories were identified for global health status, QLQ-C30 and BN-20 subscales for patients with baseline and at least one follow-up assessment. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine associations between trajectories, demographic, and clinical factors.

Results: After combining QoL data from observation and WBRT arms, QLQ-C30 and BN-20 trajectories were calculated for 139 and 137 patients respectively. Depending on the QoL domain, 9–54 % of patients reported a deterioration in QoL. Older age (≥65 years) was significantly associated with deterioration in global health status (OR = 2.88, 95 %CI = 1.27–6.54), physical (OR = 3.49, 95 %CI = 1.29–9.41), role (OR = 4.15, 95 %CI = 1.77–9.71), social (OR = 4.42, 95 % CI = 1.57–12.46), cognitive (OR = 6.70, 95 % CI = 1.93–23.29) and motor functioning (OR = 4.95, 95 %CI = 1.95–12.61) and increased future uncertainty (OR = 0.20, 95 %CI = 0.07–0.53). Female sex (OR = 0.10, 95 %CI = 0.02–0.41), not having neurosurgery at baseline (OR = 0.09, 95 %CI = 0.02–0.52), 2–3 brain metastases (OR = 5.75, 95 %CI = 1.76–18.85) or receiving adjuvant WBRT (OR = 6.77, 95 %CI = 2.00–22.99) were associated with poorer physical, emotional, cognitive and social outcomes respectively.

Conclusions: Poorer QoL outcomes in the first 12 months after diagnosis of melanoma brain metastases were observed in patients aged ≥ 65 years, females, having 2–3 brain metastases, non-surgical treatment of metastases or adjuvant WBRT.