Wilmott, James

High-Dimensional Single-Cell Transcriptomics in Melanoma and Cancer Immunotherapy

Abstract Recent advances in single-cell transcriptomics have greatly improved knowledge of complex transcriptional programs, rapidly expanding our knowledge of cellular phenotypes and functions within the tumour microenvironment and immune system. Several new single-cell technologies have been developed over recent years that have enabled expanded understanding of the mechanistic cells and biological pathways targeted by immunotherapies such as immune checkpoint inhibitors, which are now routinely used in patient management with high-risk early-stage or advanced melanoma. These technologies have method-specific strengths, weaknesses and capabilities which need to be considered when utilising them to answer translational research questions. Here, we provide guidance [...]

October 16th, 2021|Comments Off on High-Dimensional Single-Cell Transcriptomics in Melanoma and Cancer Immunotherapy

Combined presentation and immunogenicity analysis reveals a recurrent RAS.Q61K neoantigen in melanoma.

Abstract Neoantigens are now recognized drivers of the antitumor immune response. Recurrent neoantigens, shared among groups of patients, have thus become increasingly coveted therapeutic targets. Here, we report on the data-driven identification of a robustly presented, immunogenic neoantigen that is derived from the combination of HLA-A*01:01 and RAS.Q61K. Analysis of large patient cohorts indicated that this combination applies to 3% of patients with melanoma. Using HLA peptidomics, we were able to demonstrate robust endogenous presentation of the neoantigen in 10 tumor samples. We detected specific reactivity to the mutated peptide within tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) from 2 unrelated patients, thus [...]

October 15th, 2021|Comments Off on Combined presentation and immunogenicity analysis reveals a recurrent RAS.Q61K neoantigen in melanoma.

Clinical and Molecular Heterogeneity in Patients with Innate Resistance to Anti-PD-1 +/- Anti-CTLA-4 Immunotherapy in Metastatic Melanoma Reveals Distinct Therapeutic Targets.

Abstract While immune checkpoint inhibitors targeting the CTLA-4 and PD-1 receptors have significantly improved outcomes of many patients with metastatic melanoma, there remains a group of patients who demonstrate no benefit. In this study, we sought to characterise patients who do not respond to anti-PD-1-based therapies based on their clinical, genetic and immune profiles. Forty patients with metastatic melanoma who did not respond to anti-PD-1 +/− anti-CTLA-4 treatment were identified. Targeted RNA sequencing (n = 37) was performed on pretreatment formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) melanoma specimens. Patients clustered into two groups based on the expression profiles of 26 differentially expressed genes: [...]

June 25th, 2021|Comments Off on Clinical and Molecular Heterogeneity in Patients with Innate Resistance to Anti-PD-1 +/- Anti-CTLA-4 Immunotherapy in Metastatic Melanoma Reveals Distinct Therapeutic Targets.

Evaluation of Crizotinib Treatment in a Patient With Unresectable GOPC-ROS1 Fusion Agminated Spitz Nevi

Abstract Importance: Spitz nevi are benign melanocytic neoplasms that classically present in childhood. Isolated Spitz nevi have been associated with oncogenic gene fusions in approximately 50% of cases. The rare agminated variant of Spitz nevi, thought to arise from cutaneous genetic mosaicism, is characterized by development of clusters of multiple lesions in a segmental distribution, which can complicate surgical removal. Somatic single-nucleotide variants in the HRAS oncogene have been described in agminated Spitz nevi, most of which were associated with an underlying nevus spilus. The use of targeted medical therapy for agminated Spitz nevi is not well understood. Observations: A girl [...]

June 2nd, 2021|Comments Off on Evaluation of Crizotinib Treatment in a Patient With Unresectable GOPC-ROS1 Fusion Agminated Spitz Nevi

Melanoma with osseous or chondroid differentiation: a report of eight cases including SATB2 expression and mutation analysis.

Abstract Melanoma can present with osteocartilaginous differentiation, however few reports exist on this rare subtype. We present eight cases of melanoma with osteocartilaginous differentiation to highlight its clinical, pathological and molecular features. The cases showed no association with gender (5 males and 3 females) or age (range 23-84 years). Cases included both primary melanomas and distant metastases (6 and 2, respectively), with the majority arising from cutaneous sites (7/8) and the remaining case from a mucosal site. Tumour-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) score ranged from 0 to 3 (median 1), and 2/8 lesions had evidence of inflammatory changes or antecedent trauma. [...]

June 2nd, 2021|Comments Off on Melanoma with osseous or chondroid differentiation: a report of eight cases including SATB2 expression and mutation analysis.
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