Abstract Background: Sentinel node biopsy (SN biopsy) is a surgical procedure used to accurately stage patients with primary melanoma at high risk of recurrence. Although Australian Melanoma Management Guidelines recommend SN biopsy be considered in patients with melanomas > 1 mm thick, SN biopsy rates in Australia are reportedly low. Our objective was to identify factors impacting the acceptance, adoption and adherence to the Australian SN biopsy guideline recommendations. Methods: Opinions of Australian key informants including clinicians, representatives from melanoma education and training providers, professional associations and colleges, and melanoma advocacy organisations were collected through semi-structured interviews (n = [...]
MIA Media2022-11-20T09:22:58+11:00October 1st, 2022|Comments Off on Factors influencing acceptance, adoption and adherence to sentinel node biopsy recommendations in the Australian Melanoma Management Guidelines: a qualitative study using an implementation science framework.
Abstract Background: Metastasectomy for selected patients with melanoma was associated with improved survival in the era before effective systemic therapy. Emerging evidence shows that these benefits persist even in this era of BRAF-targeted therapy and immune checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of salvage metastasectomy after failure of systemic therapy. Methods: Stage 3 or 4 melanoma patients with extracranial disease progression after at least 4 weeks of systemic treatment between 2009 and 2020 were identified and categorized as resected to no evidence of disease (NED), non-progressive residual disease (NPRD), or progressive residual disease (PRD). Systemic [...]
MIA Media2022-10-09T21:35:02+11:00September 13th, 2022|Comments Off on Comparative genomics provides etiological and biological insights into melanoma subtypes
Abstract Background: The liver is a known site of resistance to immunotherapy and the presence of liver metastases is associated with shorter progression-free and overall survival (OS) in melanoma, while lung metastases have been associated with a more favorable outcome. There are limited data available regarding the immune microenvironment at different anatomical sites of melanoma metastases. This study sought to characterize and compare the tumor immune microenvironment of liver, brain, lung, subcutaneous (subcut) as well as lymph node (LN) melanoma metastases. Methods: We analyzed OS in 1924 systemic treatment-naïve patients with AJCC (American Joint Committee on Cancer) stage IV [...]
MIA Media2022-10-09T21:38:54+11:00September 10th, 2022|Comments Off on Unveiling the tumor immune microenvironment of organ-specific melanoma metastatic sites.
Abstract Background: The role of germline genetic factors in determining survival from cutaneous melanoma (CM) is not well understood. Objective: To perform a genome-wide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis of melanoma-specific survival (MSS), and test whether a CM-susceptibility polygenic risk score (PRS) is associated with MSS. Methods: We conducted two Cox proportional-hazard GWAS of MSS using data from the Melanoma Institute Australia, a high ultraviolet (UV) radiation setting (MIA; 5,762 patients with melanoma; 800 melanoma deaths) and UK Biobank (UKB: 5,220 patients with melanoma; 241 melanoma deaths), and combined them in a fixed-effects meta-analysis. Significant (P < 5 × 10-8) [...]
MIA Media2022-10-09T21:41:43+11:00September 5th, 2022|Comments Off on Higher polygenic risk for melanoma is associated with improved survival in a high ultraviolet radiation setting.
Abstract The gut microbiota shapes the response to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in cancer, however dietary and geographic influences have not been well-studied in prospective trials. To address this, we prospectively profiled baseline gut (fecal) microbiota signatures and dietary patterns of 103 trial patients from Australia and the Netherlands treated with neoadjuvant ICIs for high risk resectable metastatic melanoma and performed an integrated analysis with data from 115 patients with melanoma treated with ICIs in the United States. We observed geographically distinct microbial signatures of response and immune-related adverse events (irAEs). Overall, response rates were higher in Ruminococcaceae-dominated microbiomes [...]
MIA Media2022-10-23T19:53:17+11:00September 1st, 2022|Comments Off on Diet-driven microbial ecology underpins associations between cancer immunotherapy outcomes and the gut microbiome.
Abstract Importance: Patient-led surveillance is a promising new model of follow-up care following excision of localized melanoma. Objective: To determine whether patient-led surveillance in patients with prior localized primary cutaneous melanoma is as safe, feasible, and acceptable as clinician-led surveillance. Design, setting, and participants: This was a pilot for a randomized clinical trial at 2 specialist-led clinics in metropolitan Sydney, Australia, and a primary care skin cancer clinic managed by general practitioners in metropolitan Newcastle, Australia. The participants were 100 patients who had been treated for localized melanoma, owned a smartphone, had a partner to assist with skin self-examination (SSE), and had [...]
MIA Media2022-07-23T17:22:11+10:00November 24th, 2021|Comments Off on Assessing the Potential for Patient-led Surveillance After Treatment of Localized Melanoma (MEL-SELF): A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial.
Abstract Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified a number of risk loci for cutaneous melanoma. Cutaneous melanoma shares overlapping genetic risk (genetic correlation) with a number of other traits, including its risk factors such as sunburn propensity. This genetic correlation can be exploited to identify additional cutaneous melanoma risk loci by multitrait analysis of GWAS (MTAG). We used bivariate linkage disequilibrium-score regression score regression to identify traits that are genetically correlated with clinically confirmed cutaneous melanoma and then used publicly available GWAS for these traits in a multitrait analysis of GWAS. Multitrait analysis of GWAS allows GWAS to be [...]
MIA Media2022-07-23T17:26:41+10:00November 20th, 2021|Comments Off on Multi-trait genetic analysis identifies auto-immune loci associated with cutaneous melanoma.
Abstract Australia and New Zealand have the highest incidence and mortality rates for melanoma in the world. Local surgery is still the standard treatment of primary cutaneous melanoma, and it is therefore important that surgeons understand the optimal care pathways for patients with melanoma. Accurate staging is critical to ensure a reliable assessment of prognosis and to guide treatment selection. Sentinel node biopsy (SNB) plays an important role in staging and the provision of reliable prognostic estimates for patients with cutaneous melanoma. Patients with stage III melanoma have a substantial risk of disease recurrence following surgery, leading to poor [...]
MIA Media2022-07-23T20:52:26+10:00July 20th, 2021|Comments Off on Contemporary management of locoregionally advanced melanoma in Australia and New Zealand and the role of adjuvant systemic therapy.